نوع مقاله : علمی-ترویجی
1 کارشناس ارشد راهنمایی و مشاوره، مؤسسه آموزش عالی اخلاق و تربیت، قم، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی مؤسسۀ آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی(ره)، قم، ایران
3 استادیار گروه روانشناسی مؤسسه علمی و پژوهشی امام خمینی(ره)، مدیر گروه روانشناسی اسلامی مؤسسه آموزش عالی اخلاق و تربیت، قم، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
This study was carried out entitled ‘The Study of the Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder of Ritual Ablution (Taharat and Nejasat) and Its Therapeutic Ways Based on Islamic Sources’. In order to achieve the aims of the study, it was done through the descriptive-analytical method; afterthe compilation, formulation, classification, summarization, and explanation of the concept, the collected data was divided into manageable and interpretable parts.
The findings showed that the obsessive-compulsive disorderis one in which the people suffering from it confront with a lot of stubbornthoughts, and it makes them do some jobs repeatedly. There are some theories on the obsessive-compulsive disorder in psychology. The main theories on the etiology and therapeutic ways of this disorder include (1) biological theory, (2) the theory of Janet and psychoanalytic theory, (3) behavioral theory, (4) cognitive theory, and (5) technical eclecticism theory. These theories are useful for the treatment of manifestations of the disorder. The manifestations of obsessive-compulsive disorder are cleaning, checking, primary obsessive slowness,mixed rituals, ritual ablutions. Among Islamic religious communities, there is a less obsessive disordersin cleanliness, and in the Islamic societies, there is a cleaning obsessive disorderin the ritual ablutions. Some materials were considered Najis (impure) in Islam. According to Islamic rulings, being Najis is different from being dirty; that is, to worship, a Muslim person should be free from Nejasat. The unawareness of the delicacies of this religious belief causes some people suffer from the obsessive-compulsive disorder of the ablutions. This study examines the Islamic approach to the obsessive-compulsive disorderof the ablutionsin the fields of etiology and diagnostic criteria and therapeutic ways.